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Page: [ 1 ] 2Vocabulary: An exercise in Word UsageThe following words are used in Chapter 1: Creating a Global Resume from ACTIVE Skills for Reading: Book 4 by Neil J. Anderson.
1. To vary:•When things belonging to the same categoryOther words for category are type, kind, class or classification; general words form categories: foods, liquids, beverages, etc. Whenever you can give specific examples of a type of something, you have a category. differ from each other, we say that they vary. For example, vegetables vary in price. Cabbage is usually less expensive than lettuce.•To vary can also mean to change. Her mood varies from day to day.
There are two noun forms that derive from the verb vary. They are variety and variation. A variety of things refers to a lot of things within the same class that are different from each other in some way as in a variety of software tools. A variation in something or between two similar things and variations amongWe use among whenever the reference is to more than two things...There were variations among the student responses. things refer to differences between similar things, as in variations in English dialects, or a change from the usual amount or form of something, as in variations in dosage.
What noun would you use in the following sample phrases? Click the hidden text to see if you guessed correctly.
• [ ... ]a variety of reasons
• [ ... ]variations in the schedule
• [ ... ]a variety of corporate cultures [meaning many types of]
• [ ... ]variations among corporate cultures [meaning differences among them]
• [ ... ]variations between British and American English
• [ ... ]variations in standard resume format
• [ ... ]a variety of ethnicities among job applicants
• [ ... ]variations in paper size
• [ ... ]a variety of ways to demonstrate your interest and enthusiasm
• [ ... ]variations in eductional requirements for jobs2. To certify
• To grant an official document stating that training for a particular job or skill has been successfully completed
• To verify or state that something is correct or true
Certification is the noun form. To have or receive certification is to have a document (certificate) as proof of training or education for a particular job or activity.
Certified is the adjective form. The certificate one receives upon certification is proof of one's qualifications to perform a particular job or activity.
Note these common phrases that are often used:
•a certified nurse
•a certified teacher
•a certified doctor
•a certified painter
•a certified contractor