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Intermediate

PREPOSITIONS SHOWING CAUSE OR CONCESSION:


Due to, because of, and thanks to can all show cause or reason.

Examples:
Despite and in spite of show concession. The sentence expresses a surprising or unexpected result.

Examples:
Directions:  Read for meaning. Based on the meaning of the sentence, does the prepositional phrase express a cause (reason) or concession (a circumstance that makes the main clause seem unexpected or surprising)?  Select the correct answer.

1. Jill is going to the doctor [ ... ] a high fever that won't go away.
       inspite of      
       because of

2.  [ ... ] her high fever, she's been going to work.
       despite             
       because of

3.  Frank still drives recklessly   carelessly   
  [ ... ] several accidents that raised the cost of his insurance.     
       because of
       in spite of

4. [ ... ] having a lot of money, Robert was unhappy.
       because of
       despite

5. Maria still doesn't study [ ... ] her bad grades.
       because of
       in spite of

6. [ ... ] the efforts of her teacher, Maria managed to pass the course.
       thanks to
       despite

7. The school was closed indefinitely  for an unspecified time   [ ... ] arson   Someone deliberately set it on fire.   .    
       in spite of
       due to

8.  The police interrogated   questioned   a student at the school [ ... ] his suspicious    acting in a way that makes him seem guilty    
behavior.             
       because of           
       in spite of

9. Students and teachers were devastated   extremely shocked and sad    [ ... ] their loss.
       in spite of           
       because of

10. Parents of children at the school worry about their kids [ ... ] the nature of the crime.
       due to
       despite

11. [ ... ] the efforts of fire fighters, the blaze   the fire    didn't spread beyond the school property.
       Despite          
       Thanks to

12. The students will have to attend classes at schools in other areas [ ... ] this horrible crime.
       in spite of
       due to

Now LISTEN to all of the sentences.  


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Content development by Kathleen Hanson, San Jose City College.
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